Asphalt pavement is not an easy process and because of the need for heavy equipment that we don’t have in our household, we need to hire a Lakeland parking lot paving company. A driveway made of asphalt can last for more than 15 years with minimal and proper maintenance, so this is becoming the pavement of choice for most American homes.
Though we cannot do it certainly on our own, knowing the process would help us understand what is going on once our hired third-party contractor starts the project. Understanding the process would also prevent us from being hoodwinked by our contractor.
Here are the steps to asphalt paving:
Find a contractor
Talk to friends and acquaintances for possible recommendations. Study the contractors recommended to you and request a quote from them. Negotiate clearly the terms of your contract before signing it, and make sure everything you talked and discussed are clearly stated on the document.
Remove the current pavement
Depending on the materials used for your current driveway, this might include breaking up the concrete or removing the gravel. This should be a part of your contract with the asphalt paving company. Since you have no way of doing this on your own, the pavement company will take the matters off your hands.
Grade your driveway slope
This should be the first step of the paving company to ensure that there will proper drainage or that the drainage will be prevented from collapsing. The surface should be graded, so water will run off the sides and will not pool on the middle of the driveway.
To test where the water runs to, hose your driveway and subsequently build mounds to fill in the low spots.
Compact the soil
Now, this is where the heavy equipment comes in. A 3,000-pound twin drum roller must be used to compact the soil and other materials. If your Lakeland parking lot paving company does not use this particular equipment, then it has to have a different technology that can effectively compact the soil.
Cover the base soil with crushed rock
The type of crushed rock is important to ensure proper drainage. The composition of the rocks should be coarse and jagged. If your base soil is clay, then there should be 8 inches of crushed rock. If sandy, you need 4 inches.
Pack the crushed rock into the subsoil and let stand for a week.
Choose an asphalt size and thickness
Most residential driveways use a smaller aggregate for a smoother look, and about 2 to 3 inches of base asphalt layer. The bigger the aggregate, the stronger the pavement will be.
After putting the asphalt in place, compact it with the same heavy equipment you used to compact the subsoil. You should also make sure the edge of the asphalt pavement is on a 45-degree angle.